About ford cars
Ford Motor Company , Henry Ford by Highland Park , Michigan , USA ‘was founded on June 16, 1903. He is currently based in Dearborn , Michigan .
Michigan ‘also stepped into the first production car in the world, leaders of the automotive industry, Ford Motor Company, in 6 continents, producing 200 vehicles in the market, is distributing. It has around 187,000 employees worldwide  . The turnover of 2007 is 172,455 Billion Dollars The main and affiliated automotive brands of Ford Motor Company are Aston Martin , Ford, Lincoln and Mercury . Automotive service organizations include Ford Motor Credit Company and Hertz. In 2008, Ford sold Jaguar and Land Rover to an Indian company, Tata , and to Volvo in 2009 to a Chinese company, Geely .
While Ford is launching a high number of production; played an important role in the development of the industry in general. Ford used the parts of Eli Whitney to change his mind. Thus, cars could be produced and renewed at lower costs.
Ford, which 12 people invested $ 28,000, is now one of the brands selling the most cars. The company made its first car on July 20, 1903. Later, Ford Model T , which was developed by Henry Ford with the opportunity of owning a car for company and factory employees, was introduced in 1908 . The fact that Henry Ford found the mass production method to increase production speed and reduce costs 1913The production time of the chassis, which was 12.5 hours in 2004, decreased to 2 hours and 40 minutes. In addition, Ford reduced the salaries of its employees by two times and reduced the daily 9 hours working time to 8 hours. At the end of the year Ford had produced 50% of all cars in America, even though rival companies didn’t see it fit with capitalism. In 1918 , half of the cars in the country had been Model T. Besides, the black color of this model is the fastest painting of black paint. 1927 year in place of the Model T Ford Model A ‘or left.
During the Great Depression in the US after World War I , as in all companies in the United States, Ford suffered a collapse and had to close many factories. II. During the World War II period, the company struggled to survive, and after the war, Ford began to return to its old days.
1955 opened to the public in Ford, in subsequent years, Canada , Mexico , United Kingdom , Germany , Brazil , Argentina , Australia , South Africa and Turkey opened factories in several countries, mainly. The 51% joint venture in Turkey, Ford Motor Company, Inc. began as Otosan 49%. On 3 October 1997, Ford and Otosan equalized their shares. Thus, Otosan A.Ş. Ford Otosan, the new name of Ford Otomotiv Sanayi A.Ş.
After equalization partnership in 1997, Ford of Europe, a project that received suspended due to economic discovery, Turkey’s manufacturing capability and was transferred to Turkey due to economic conditions. In order to realize this project, a capacity of 150.000 units was needed and Istanbul factory was not suitable for this. So the search for a new place began. A few alternative sites were evaluated, and finally an open plot was found in Gölcük .
With this level reached, Ford Otosan Kocaeli Plant was named “Best Plant In The World” by auditors among European Ford Factories in 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005 and got the best and won the first.
A term Ferrari ‘s bought Ford, Enzo Ferrari ‘s racing team, broke this agreement with Ford does not want to manage. This is followed by a great competition; Ford ended with the GT40 to beat Ferrari. After that, this legendary model withdrew from both races and production.
Ford’s headquarters is located in Dearborn , Michigan , USA today . Structure of Mercury , Lincoln ‘u also have also Ford Mazda ‘ or partners. He is also the owner of Hertz , one of the largest car hire companies in the United States .
In 2005, Ford introduced a new face to the sports model Ford Mustang . In its design, Ford has collected 3 different models while maintaining its aggressive lines that reflect the spirit of the old Mustang. Ford, who has produced the Mustang legend for 45 years, brought a new dimension to the Mustang with its 2010 model.
On June 16, 1903, Ford Motor Company began its journey in a small converted rail car factory in Detroit, with John S. Gray as president and Henry Ford as vice president. Its initial resources are tools, machinery, plans, specifications, projects, patents, some models and $ 28,000 from 12 investors. The first car was sold in July 1903 , the two-liter Model A, assembled at the Mack Avenue plant in Detroit.
For the next five years, the young Henry Ford, who becomes president in 1906 , runs a comprehensive program of development and production; this one moves in 1905 to a much larger building (the factory of Piquet Avenue, in Detroit). During 15 months of operation, a total of 1,700 vehicles – the first Model A – leaves the old wagon factory. Between 1903 and 1908, Ford and its engineers go through 19 letters of the alphabet (from Model A to Model S). Some of those cars are experimental and never see the light.
It is not the case of the T , which was born in 1908 and would continue manufacturing until 1927.
The key to success: chain production
In 1911, the first manufacturing plant was established outside the United States, in Trafford Park (Manchester, England). At the end of 1913, half of the cars manufactured in the United States came from Ford Motor Company. To meet all the demand, the brand starts mass production of cars : according to the chronicles, every ten seconds, a Model T leaves the assembly line. In addition, on January 5, 1914, Henry Ford surprises the world by announcing that the company’s minimum wage will be five dollars a day for eight hours of work, more than double the existing minimum wage ($ 2.34 for nine hours of work). ). In 1915 Ford manufactures his car one million and in 1916, Ford admits working women in their factories.
Finally, in 1917 the construction of the gigantic Rouge complex in Dearborn (Michigan) begins, which diversifies manufacturing by manufacturing trucks, tractors and even ships. In 1919, Edsel Ford succeeds his father in the presidency of the company and the family becomes the sole owner when buying the shares of the other partners.
The planes arrive
It is 1922 when the company acquires the Lincoln Motor Company automobile company for eight million dollars. In this way, it enters the secotor of luxury cars in direct competition with Cadillac . Three years later, he builds the pioneer of the 199 Ford Tri-Motor aircraft used by American commercial airlines; in 1926 the first of them – in production until 1933 – makes its first flight from Ford airport , named after that same year.
A year later, in 1927, the manufacture of Model T ceased , after producing more than 15 million units . There was a curious situation then, when the factories Ford had all over the US temporarily closed for six months from May 1927. During that time the new Ford Model A was created , which was almost as successful as its predecessor , and of which more than 4 million units were manufactured in assembly plants around the world, including Spain.
The first Ford V8
Since customers demand more luxurious and powerful vehicles, the first Ford V8 ( with 65 HP ) is presented, which has a one-piece engine block. The car is presented on 31 March 1932. It is also offered in ‘cheap’ version with 4 – cylinder engine Model A, under the name Ford B . In 1932 the Ford Y , the first European Ford, came out. In 1938 production of the Mercury begins , all of them with V8 engines, and destined to occupy an intermediate segment between the popular Ford and the luxurious Lincoln.
The company has to focus its efforts on World War II , so there is a break in the manufacture of civilian vehicles in 1942. The result in less than three years is 8,600 B-24 “Liberator” bombers with four engines, 57,000 thrusters of plane and more than a million tanks, destroyers and war machines . In 1945, the grandson of Henry Ford (dying in 1947, aged 83), Henry Ford II, took control of the company after the death of Edsel Ford in 1943, at the age of 49, becoming president , position that will hold until his death, in 1987. The young Ford II faces the task of building an automotive firm again.
Exit to the stock market
In the winter of 1954 appears the Thunderbird, a convertible two-seater . In 1956, the company decided to go public and sell shares, one year after Ernest Breech was named Chairman.
In 1956 a subsidiary of Ford Motor Company, Aeronutronics Systems, specializing in defense weapons and aerospace technology was created . Already in 1960 Henry Ford II resigned as president and became CEO, while Robert McNamara became President, a position he resigned to become Secretary of Defense of John F. Kennedy.
The legendary Mustang
In 1961, John Dykstra is elected President and the company suffers the first general strike of its history, which would be repeated in 1967. In 1964 the Mustang arrives and already on its first day of production receives 22,000 orders .
Only two years later, the Mustang was manufactured one million. In 1967 the European headquarters of Ford was opened . At this time, the expansion of the company has resulted in the creation of 44 manufacturing plants, 18 assembly plants, 32 parts warehouses, two immense test fields and 13 research and engineering facilities in the United States.
In 1970, Lee Lacocca is named president , position that will leave in 1978.
“There are no bad employees, but bad bosses”
In the middle of the decade, Henry Ford II pronounced his famous phrase . “There are no bad employees, but bad bosses”. The firm becomes the number one manufacturer during those years. In 1979, Ford II ceased to be CEO, with Phillip Cadwell taking his place. In 1976, the Ford Fiesta appears , which will become one of the legendary models of the brand.
At the beginning of the decade, the Escort appeared , a low consumptionautomobile that faces the growth of the price of petroleum and that exceeds in registrations its competitors all over the world. Hertz becomes part of the Ford conglomerate. And in 1985 Taurus is presented , at a stage in which other brands invest in robots and manufacturing technology, while Ford continues to bet on the work of its employees. It is the best-selling car in the United States from 1992 to 1996.
1987 is a busy year: in addition to Ford surpassing the profits of General Motors for the first time since 1926, with 4,630 million dollars, Henry Ford II dies . At the end of the decade, in 1990, Ford bought Jaguar for 2.5 billion dollars.
New concept: Ford Explorer
The Explorer opens a new path to other manufacturers when it appears at the beginning of this decade. In 1991 Ford has losses of 2,300 million dollars and that same year introduced the system Quality Care (“Care for Quality”) customer service.
In addition, he embarks with Volkswagen in a joint venture called AutoEuropa, an organization that manufactures vehicles in Setúbal (Portugal). A year later, the Ford F Series pickup becomes the best-selling in the United States for the tenth year in a row and the Taurus is the first car to equip an air-conditioning system that is environmentally friendly, CFC-free. Also in 1992, it buys 50% of Mazda.
In 1993 starts the production and sale of vehicles in China and Ford is the first brand to equip double airbags in all its models. A year later, he buys Hertz, the car rental company.
In 1996 Ford, in his idea of globalization, launched the Mondeo (Contour in the United States) and that same year the unit number 250 million leaves the assembly line. In 1997, the brand sold vehicles moved by natural gas to New York City to be used as taxis. A year later, the company has a profit of 6.9 billion dollars . William Clay Ford Jr. is elected Chairman of the Board of Directors in 1999.
The scourge of the crisis
In 2005, due to the great economic crisis, the value of the bonds of Ford and General Motors in stock market, are degraded and fall by the floors. In the second half of 2005, President Bill Ford, to develop a plan that returns the company to profitability, presents “The Way Forward.” This plan includes changing the size of the company to match the reality of the market, dropping some unprofitable and inefficient models , consolidating the production lines, closing fourteen factories or reducing jobs.